Did martech break B2B marketing?
If so, does AI present a solution or just bring us back to the same old question: Which comes first, marketing or technology?
- Part one: The promise
- Part two: The shift
- Part Three: The crossroads
- Part Four: Where do we go From here?
Part one: The promise
The birth of marketing technology brought so much potential to the marketing department.
It was the early aughts. The Internet was booming…The cloud was clouding… Adobe and Salesforce were innovating. And martech was about to turn the world on its head.
I was a young, freshly minted MBA with a background in computer science, and a two-year stint doing software marketing at IBM. I’d just been hired by Red Hat, an upstart open-source company with a lot of momentum.
“Hey kid,” they said. “We just signed up for this Eloqua thing. We need you to set it up, and figure out how we use it.” We were one of Eloqua’s first customers and that’s where my adventure with marketing automation began.
We were doing it all back then, with very little playbook guidance:
- Lead magnets.
- Lead capture forms.
- Lead scoring.
- Lead ranking.
- Lead routing.
- Lead nurturing.
- Tracking prospect activity on our website.
It was empowering. Plus, marketing was getting some extra respect in board meetings.
SiriusDecisions, the analyst firm now part of Forrester, had entered the conversation, pioneering the marketing funnel that became a staple of B2B marketing for the next 15 years.
- MQLs (Marketing Qualified Leads).
- SQLs (Sales Qualified Leads).
- SALs (Sales Accepted Leads).
Marketing/sales alignment was never better. Promotions were earned. Bonuses were claimed. Lead generation was at an all-time high. New sub-niches cropped up in the marketing discipline, around the ecosystems of marketing automation tools like Eloqua, Marketo and eventually HubSpot.
For a while, all was well in B2B marketing. But things slowly started to change.
A Marketing Automation Timeline
Part two: The shift
Water flows. But grease corrodes
Was it enough to build the pipes and turn a blind eye to what we put in them? We built the pipes to facilitate efficient pipeline generation. We reveled in the speed and scale our pipes allowed. But management started asking us for more. “Go faster. Drive more. Volume, volume, volume.”
- Scale. Persuasion at scale. Selling at scale.
- Attribution (track everything).
Then came disillusionment.
Prospects became disillusioned by the bait and switch of giving up an email address for ransom, only to be nurture-emailed into oblivion.
Sales became disillusioned at the bait-and-switch of marketing hitting their lead quote up for the month, while sales struggled to reach their pipeline and closed-won because most of the leads had no buying intent.
Marketers became disillusioned as the higher-ups shifted the goal post quarter after quarter, demanding more efficiency, more leads and more volume across the board — even though marketing is not magic, and we were never able to manufacture demand out of thin air.
CFOs, CEOs and investors became disillusioned as the promise of marketing automation, along with sales forecasting models like Predictable Revenue (popularized by Salesforce’s Aaron Ross), made the promise of coin-operated demand generation — a promise that marketing teams ultimately could not fulfill.
- Performance marketing. Paid ads don’t perform like they used to. Google, LinkedIn and Facebook are driving CPC up. And why not? Worldwide demand, and limited supply. They’ve forged a near monopoly.
- Email nurture fatigue. Prospects are now wise to the lead magnet — future email bait and switch. They can see it coming. And would rather give fake email addresses than offer up access to their inbox.
- A cookieless future. Google is moving away from third-party cookies. That kind of tracking is going away. (I doubt it’s for altruistic reasons.)
- Dark social. Professionals trust search engine results and comparison websites less. They barely trust vendor websites at all. Instead, they rely on their network of peers — which is untrackable.
- SEO is atrophying. Google’s monopoly on search has allowed bad behavior to set in. Zero click search results; ads crowding out organic search results. And now with the advent of AI-generated search results? More erosion.
SEO isn’t dead — far from it — but like performance marketing, it’s much harder to do and delivers much less benefit than it used to.
Part three: The crossroads
In 2024, marketing and martech professionals are at a crossroads. We’re being asked to do and deliver more with less. We’re being asked to not only increase efficiency, which we’ve been doing for over a decade, but now also effectiveness. Not just “more leads,” but now “more leads with real buying intent.”
The problem is that technology alone was never going to deliver us effectiveness. This is where artificial intelligence comes in.
For the past year now, just about every SaaS vendor has started to tout the AI at the heart of their system, even if it’s sometimes smoke and mirrors. But in 2024, there are legitimately AI technologies that are very exciting indeed. Are we as markers about to repeat the same mistakes?
Marketing automation brought us innovation and efficiency at an exponential level 18 years ago. AI is guaranteeing to do that again now. Is that enough? It’s called marketing technology for a reason: The marketing comes first, the technology supports it. We are at the risk of allowing AI-driven technology to lead and turning the keys over for it to do the marketing for us.
We are at crossroads: and we need to decide: Are we markers or technologists? Technology will forever be part of our jobs. We just have to decide whether we serve the technology or the customer.
Dig deeper: Jay Mandel — Looking foward with AI
Part four: Where do we go from here?
Drive efficiency for the 5%
We desperately need martech for the 5% of buyers already in-market. We need to reduce friction and accelerate the buyer’s journey. We need to get them the information they need as efficiently as possible.
Find effectiveness for the 95%
We need a much better answer for engaging with the 95% of our future buyers, who are not yet in-market.
(ICPs: Ideal customer profiles.)
Email nurture and lead scoring aren’t good enough. It was in 2005, but not anymore.
If you could redesign marketing technology from scratch what would it look like? How would you design marketing technology that serves the 5% of ideal prospects who are already in-market? In a way that is prospect versus pipeline-centric? How would you design marketing technology that serves the 95% of ideal prospects who are not in-market today — and may not be for another year or so? In a way that is audience vs. sales-centric?
We’ll examine that in a future article.
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Opinions expressed in this article are those of the guest author and not necessarily MarTech. Staff authors are listed here.
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