Why attribution can be overrated & create unintended consequences
Sure, attribution can be helpful, but contributor Scott Vaughan warns you must keep your eyes on your ultimate goal to avoid getting distracted.
B2B marketers must measure to understand what’s working and what’s not, where and how to improve, and, most importantly, how to run marketing like a business. Without this capability woven into the fabric of the team, B2B marketing organizations will languish.
But somehow, we’re being sidetracked from strong measurement and analytics to chase full-blown attribution — the ability to attribute every action and activity to an outcome. The “attribution obsession” that’s creeping into some B2B marketing teams is creating unintended consequences.
Thinking about all the places you’ve worked. I’m sure you can visualize that “know-it-all” person who shows up to the QBR (quarterly business review) locked and loaded with data. But rather than present meaningful, actionable insights that can help the organization, they highlight their findings in the context of one or several of the below traits:
- “C.Y.A.”: Shows everyone why they personally matter to the organization, but the data behind their self-validation often isn’t actionable.
- “Look at me”: Claims credit for everything, so again, the data has little value.
- “Spitball thrower”: Tells everything you’re missing/doing wrong but offers no solution on how to fix it.
- “See the leaf, miss the forest”: So obsessed with micro-measurement, misses the bigger business opportunity.
While the above characteristics can appear in contexts other than attribution, they can easily creep in when marketers become too obsessed with attaching performance to specific efforts. Obviously, these traits then hinder the potential of B2B organizations, and in short order, they will result in lost credibility with key stakeholders.
Before I go any further and get lambasted, I want to be on the record as saying that I highly value and respect marketing organizations that can measure critical key performance indicators (KPIs):
- Marketing investment performance.
- Sales pipeline impact.
- Revenue contribution.
- Customer renewal and churn rates.
- The holy grail — all touches along the customer journey.
It’s also essential for marketers to be accountable and to understand performance for specific areas of marketing channels — blogs, events, website, digital spend and so on. An analytics and insights mindset is a success driver that leads to better outcomes. I’m a benefactor of this as a CMO.
The rub comes in determining what’s behind attribution. Many marketing organizations are wasting precious resources, cycles and budget obsessing on attribution for the wrong reasons. First touch, last touch, who gets credit for sourcing a new customer and so on. There’s a balance, and every organization needs to find it.
Here are some practical things I’ve seen working for leading B2B teams when it comes to measurement and business impact.
1. Measure to get better every day, not to prove YOUR value
Starting out with a “justification” mindset can allow you to provide lots of data proof-points, but few insights. You’re trying to stack the cards in your favor. This happens when marketers are overzealous to show marketing’s impact on the business versus capturing the reality. Or it occurs when they get so focused on showing their work’s contribution, the data gets skewed. Good intentions, bad consequences.
This “constantly trying to prove your value” is a defensive posture that hurts your credibility. It’s also very distracting, taking your eye off understanding what’s working and what’s not, so that you lose the ability to quickly put your resources and energy into the initiatives with the highest business impact.
2. Attribution is for intelligence and insights, not for getting credit
Sales, marketing, customer success, product and ops all use data, not only to measure and report outcomes but also to look for areas of improvement across the customer journey and business process.
This is especially true when you’re selling to mid-market and enterprise customers. Hundreds of touches are required to influence, win and delight a customer. And multiple people are involved in identifying, evaluating, procuring and selecting your solution. Therefore, seeking to claim credit for first touch, last touch or who sourced x deal isn’t only disingenuous, it’s destructive to the collaborative effort it takes to win business.
At Integrate (where I’m on the marketing team), our mantra has become “We’re all in this together; failure is NOT an option.” We also show full-revenue-funnel metrics and influences as a team (sales + marketing + customer success) versus department by department. Of course, this data is captured and analyzed to help inform each group of what leads to success, just not to claim credit.
3. Data and attribution without the right narrative is useless
Dashboards are essential tools, but it’s “the story behind the story” that moves businesses forward and brings together the singular, integrated focus to win bigger.
One of the smartest ways to do this is to use the dashboard as a summary and bring to life what’s happening in your business, market and pipeline. The best way I’ve seen this done is showing “the anatomy of a deal” or “a customer journey” during your monthly or quarterly review, where a sales and marketing leader walks through the end-to-end process and the data behind it.
In this context, they can share what they learned, what changes they’re making, and where they’re applying these learnings next. Applying too much singular focus on attribution can reduce the impact of the full story.
4. There’s more to marketing than generating revenue
There, I said it. While modern B2B marketing has shifted to revenue and growth marketing, the best companies use data to manage their business and combine it with savvy market and customer intelligence to drive their business.
Marketing personnel need to serve as the lead storytellers, arming all in their organization, partner network and customer base to advocate and amplify their brand. Moreover, if you don’t have the talent and focus on the right markets, ideal customer profiles, unique positioning and relevant messaging, all the data in the world won’t help.
Adopting sophisticated analytics and aiming to measure critical initiatives and investments is smart and required. But becoming obsessed with measuring everything for the sake of attribution is a losing strategy. Stay after the holy grail of attribution, but don’t let it derail you from the real mission — building a relevant, high-growth company that your customers will vote for with their loyalty and purchase order.